There are some things in life too horrible to laugh at. There are other things so horrible that perhaps the only human response is to laugh because we will never make sense of them. Edmund McMillen and Florian Himsl’s The Binding of Isaac, a darkly comedic rogue-like action RPG, explores the latter territory—it’s a game about child abuse.
I didn’t particularly understand Isaac when I first started playing. The narrative is clear enough—you play as Isaac, a young boy whose deranged mother receives a vision telling her that she must sacrifice her only son to prove her devotion to God. Isaac flees to a hidden basement in his house. For a long time, I struggled to make sense of what transpires in the depths of Isaac’s basement. What is this place and should I laugh, cry, or cringe?
The game doesn’t give you much time to reflect on what is transpiring as you are thrown into a realm of bizarre and harrowing monsters and even stranger items. On the surface it’s a rogue-like game that pays homage to the original Zelda. However, when I actually considered what I was doing in the game, I could not help but be troubled. Isaac doesn’t fight enemies with sword and shield but with the tears of a neglected child. And the items he collects make his quest more bizarre and difficult as often as they aid him. And the items that actually do help him are telling. When Isaac finds dog food, it gives him health. Was he forced to eat this? The spoon and the belt will make Isaac run faster, reminiscent of running from an abusive parent. Upon finding “Sister Maggy” or “Brother Bobby” Isaac is joined by a ghost-like drone that helps him fight his minions. Were these real siblings? If so how did they die? In between levels the player is greeted with short animations of Isaac’s dreams in which he is mocked by other boys and neglected by his mother.
It’s these elements which made me realize that I am not descending Isaac’s basement but the nightmares of a neglected and abused little boy. Each time I attempt to exit the game, Isaac asks, “are you sure you want me to die?” It’s the question that has been tearing at him but one he can only articulate in the context of a nightmare. These sorts of things can’t be fully processed—perhaps the only way to cope is through some strange attempt at humor and insane rogue-like play. And I don’t want Isaac to die, so I keep playing.
The Binding of Isaac is equal parts brilliant and disturbing. McMillen has taken the rogue-like genre and infused it with unique personality and disturbing mechanics. The game’s music and art are appropriately dark and awkward respectively. Playing the game can often be confusing. Unless you memorize the Isaac wiki you will rarely understand the value of the game’s many items and consequently use them foolishly, sometimes to your own demise.
As a rogue-like you only have one life and each stage is randomized every time you play. Every play-through is different and often short-lived. This makes for a tremendously difficult game—at times. Sometimes you will play the game and get tons of helpful power-ups and fight mostly manageable enemies and other times the items you find will serve to make the game harder and enemies will prove largely unforgiving. But Isaac is never difficult for the sake of difficulty. Instead it’s creatively challenging. For instance, one item, “Guppy,” gives you nine lives but only one heart container of life. These items don’t always make sense, but, honestly, playing Isaac rarely does.
Isaac is the kind of game that I should hate. I am not a fan of overly challenging games. Additionally I am a Christian pastor and Isaac certainly takes a lot of liberties in its “retelling” of the classic Bible story from which it takes its name. The game is deeply dark, and often unsettling. There is nothing simple, understandable, or light about child abuse. Thus Isaac is thoroughly discomforting, challenging, and darkly funny. The game won’t make you able to understand child abuse but it will make you feel for Isaac—sometimes deeply. Other times it will completely bewilder you, much like Isaac’s world has done to him.
The Binding of Isaac was developed by Edmund McMillen and Florian Himsl. It is available through Steam for PC and Mac.
Drew Dixon is an editor at Christ and Pop Culture and writes a monthly column on games for Relevant Magazine. Follow him on Twitter and Facebook.